Understanding Cat 6 cables
Cat 6 basically stands for category 6. These cables are Ethernet cables (which are network cables that are used on wired networks). They connect local area network aka LAN with other devices like routers, switches and PCs together.
These are physical cables and hence have their limitations- how long they can stretch and how durable they are.
Cat 6 is just one type of Ethernet cable. It has been given the number 6 as it is the sixth generation of the long line of twisted pair of Ethernet cables. It can be used in office networks as well as your own house.
Why Cat 6?
Cat 6 cables support 1000 Mbps which is its maximum data rate and that is quite fast. Cat 6 cables are actually made of copper wires- four pairs of them actually, hence the speed and the real high performance.
You must be wondering why use wires when you could go wireless? Well to answer that you’ve to understand cyber security. Buy cat 6 network cable rolls and you wouldn’t have to hassle, but in short, due to wireless networks our data isn’t safe anymore. Your neighbor’s could be stealing your bandwidth. If the network isn’t password protected, information is less secure and can be easily hacked.
Transfer speed of file sharing is normally slower in a wireless network than the cabled. The speeds vary depending on your location and the network spot. The connection gets worse if you go farther from the router.
Wireless networks can also be obstructed by your household structure like ceilings, furniture and walls.
Now if you plan to go with Cat 6 cables here is the basic instruction checklist.
First of all, one specific person must be responsible for seeing the plan through. In this case it could be you or anyone in your family that heads the family. It doesn’t mean that person has to do all the work but he/she should be accountable for pushing the plan forward. Judgment is always critical.
Then you must make decisions. For that you need to make a list of what you want to achieve. Which rooms to wire? How will the furniture be decorated? Where and how many sockets and outlets do I require? What will the path of the cables? What network will I get? What will be the route of the network cable?
All above and more questions need to be penned down before implementing anything. Use logical theories.
Nonetheless for every house, the requirements will vary. Hence there are no standard guidelines. Just avoid the following mistakes.
- Don’t use electrical boxes or connect wires outside these boxes.
- Don’t cut wires too short.
- Don’t leave the cables unprotected.
- When running wire along the wall use a metal conduit.
- Make sure there is ample support for outlets and switches. Loose outlets cause wires to loose from terminals causing them to overheat which is a potential fire hazard
- Install a two slot outlet. If you have to install a three slot outlet use ground wire.
- Don’t install cable without a clamp
Depending entirely on your specific needs, you should stock up on the necessary tools and equipment required. You can borrow them or you can purchase them. Surely you would need to buy cat 6 cable Melbourne.
My advice is to conduct a cost benefit analysis. What are costs of the equipment and will you be needing them again – if so then, how frequently? Some items will be used for other things as well. Like a drill machine or fish tape but Ethernet specific tools would only have one purpose. Also, you would need to buy cat 6 network cable rolls.
One you’ve planned everything and have the necessary tools you should start the wiring process.
- Decide where to mount the Ethernet box
- Mark the wall
- Drill holes or simply use a handsaw to cut through
- Run one cable from each room to the distribution room and measure the lengths
- Label both ends of the cables
- Find places to drill new holes to pass the cables
- Punch the cables in the patch panel and then to the jacks. This is the professional approach. You can also – not recommended for permanent use- take the raw cables directly from the wall and put it in the switch.
- Use a small screw driver to individually punch the wires.
- Once you are done with connecting all the cables, patch panel should be mounted back.
- Test all the connections and make sure they work- you can use a network tester
- Place the cable modem where planned
- Connect the cables to the modem and voila! Work that internet.
If in doubt choose CAT 6 cables!
Qais is working as a Professional Researcher since 5 years. Currently He is writing on fitness, Home Decoration and Tech.